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Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (BJJ) is a martial art based on grappling and ground fighting, focusing on controlling a resisting opponent through techniques that force him or her to submit, to the point where the opponent can be rendered harmless. The word “Jiu Jitsu” is a Japanese word meaning is known as the “gentle art”. It uses the principles of leverage, angles, submissions (chokes, joint locks), pressure and timing, grip and position, as well as knowledge of the human anatomy, to allow a weaker person to defend against a bigger opponent. Other techniques used are takedown, guard pass, mount, back mount, back control, knee on belly and sweep. Jiu jitsu is commonly referred to as “human chess”, because it exercises both the body and the mind. Jiu jitsu is a combination of dynamic and explosive movements with pressure-based isometric pushing, pulling, and holding, which helps to develop increased physical fitness, promotes weight loss and improves muscle tone. Further, BJJ sharpens the mind, increases problem-solving ability, builds character, promotes continuous self-improvement and teaches valuable self-defense skills. As the opponents are constantly responding to each other’s movements, Jiu Jitsu also heightens body awareness, improves balance, and improves reactive ability. BJJ is traditionally practiced in jackets and trousers, known as a gi, which is made from cotton. The athletes usually perform from four to six matches during a day of competition in order to become champions in the main competitions. For matches, the athletes need to have good aerobic power, delayed fatigue and a better/faster recovery between matches, muscle strength, muscular endurance, quick reaction, and flexibility.