What is Counseling?
Counseling is a form of therapy that involves assisting individuals, couples, families and groups to resolve their personal, social, or psychological problems and difficulties. It involves talking to a trained professional, who listens sympathetically to personal challenges, and identifies potential solutions to overcome the challenges. Counseling can be helpful in addressing issues such as addiction and abuse of alcohol and other drugs, anger management, anxiety, eating disorders, grief, sexual assault and trauma. Three main approaches used by counselors are psychodynamic, humanistic and behavioral. The psychodynamic approach helps individuals to unravel their innermost feelings by bringing the unconscious mind into consciousness. The humanistic approach is based on the principle that every individual is unique and emphasizes the importance of being true to one’s self. The behavioral approach is based on the idea that all behaviors are learned therefore can be unlearned. A counselor may use only one approach or combine techniques from more than one approach. The ultimate role of the counselor is to help the client to develop their own understanding of the situation, enable them to make their own choices, reach their own decisions and act upon them.