1 Star: Did not meet expectations
2 Star: Slightly below expectations
3 Star: Met expectations
4 Star: Slightly above expectations
5 Star: Exceeded expectations
Wing Chun (or Wing Tsun) is a type of martial arts that focuses on quick and effective self defense using powerful strikes with almost every part of the body. There are a number of principles on which Wing Chun is based: Simultaneous Defense and Counter Attack by Interception; Economy of Motion in every technique; Centre Line (fighters must strive to protect their centres at all cost); If the Way is Free, Go Forward; If the Way isn’t Free, Stick; If your Opponent is Stronger, Yield; If your Opponent Moves Back, Follow. Common Wing Chun moves include mid and low level kicks, short range punching, elbow and knee strikes, stand up grappling and ground fighting, throws, locks, chokes, multiple attackers and defenses against weapons. Other forms of training are Lat-Sau - a drill involving two people at close range where one attacks continuously and the other defends accordingly; Chi-Sau (sticky hands) - teaches the fighter to stick to the opponent; Chi-Gerk - two people attacking and defending using their legs; Wooden Dummy Training - a structure made out of wood which is used to practice a sequence of movements; Long Pole & Butterfly Knives - two weapons for conditioning exercises and improving hand skills. The Wing Chun syllabus has 12 programs before the ‘Higher Grades’ can be completed. Each program takes between three to six months to complete, training an average of twice per week. These programs are Siu-Nim Tau, Chum Kiu, Dan-Chi-Sau (Single Hand Chi-Sau), and double hand Chi-Sau using the Poon-Sau (rolling hand) exercise. The benefits of Wing Tsun are improved focus and mental energy, increased physical fitness, and greater self-confidence.